Genus & Species: Dacelo novaeguineae
Listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.
Eastern and Southern Australia. Recently introduced to Tasmania & New Zealand.
Woodlands and open forests, urban parks & gardens usually in drier, arid areas. They require trees that are big enough to contain their nests and open patches sufficient to provide hunting grounds.
Carnivorous. They feed on snakes, large lizards, worms, snails, insects, fresh water crayfish, frogs, small birds, and rodents. They are also known to take food from picnickers. Even though they are a type of kingfisher, they rarely eat fish! Using the “sit and wait” hunting technique, kookaburras survey their surrounding from an advantageous perch, swooping down and landing next to prey, then seizing prey with its bill. Small prey are killed directly by crushing action of the bill. For larger prey, kookaburras take prey to a perch and whack it against the perch until the prey has been killed.