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Bumblebee Poison Dart Frog

CONSERVATION STATUS : LEAST CONCERN
COMMON EXTINCT
Classification:

Order: Anura
Genus & Species: Dendrobates leucomelas    
Family: Dendrobatidae

Status:

Listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

Range:

Bumblebee poision dart frogs are found in the northern part of South America, most notably in Venezuela. They are also found in parts of Guyana, Brazil, and the extreme easternmost part of Colombia.

Habitat:

They are found in very humid conditions in tropical rainforests close to fresh water. They’re often found on flat rocks, trees, plants, and the leaf litter of the forest floor. During the dry season, specimens are known to congregate in damper places, such as under rocks or fallen tree trunks.

Toxicity:

Bumblebee poison dart frogs secrete toxins from their skin, which they gain from eating certain unspecified arthropod prey.  Dendrobatidae toxins vary from species to species, but some are extremely potent neurotoxins. The alkaloid toxins secreted from the frogs’ skin, interfere with nerve impulses, which can lead to heart failure or fibrillation.